# Sitemap

A list of all the posts and pages found on the site. For you robots out there is an XML version available for digesting as well.

## Pages

## Posts

## Arithmetic vs Logarithmic Returns - What Investors Need to Know

The article explains the difference between arithmetic and logarithmic returns, and why it’s important for investors to understand the distinction. Arithmet...

## Downloading Stock Historical Data from Yahoo Finance

This article will focus on how to download some historical data from Yahoo Finance of a stock that is of interest to you , so that you can use that data in y...

## Calculating the Average Returns of Apple Stock - A Step-by-Step Guide

Taking a simple Average of any data measurement can provide you with a great insight on how the data is distributed. The process is quite simple once you get...

## The 5 Laws of Averages

Average has always been considered as the best statistical estimator of the underlying normal distribution. We can think of an average as a central point of ...

## How to use market turbulence measurements?

Main assumptions We can predict future path of market turbulence, since market turbulence can persist across time We can try to avoid risky assets durin...

## Calculating Log Returns in Excel

What is a log return? It’s simply a change in price expressed as percentage. You often hear S&P 500 is up today by 0.5%. A log return of S&P 500 f...

## Variance example Bitcoin/USD

Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies are considered a high risk asset at this moment, the riskiness part is more likely attributed because of the volatility it has s...

## Variance

What is Variance? Variance is a measure how volatile some data stream is. It tries to give us an answer in a form of a number on the following questions: ...